Information Sources for Allegations Regarding Mena and
Other CIA-related Narcotics Trafficking Covert Operations
by Larry-Jennie


Castillo, Celerino III and Harmon, Dave, POWDERBURNS, Oakville, Ont., Mosaic Press, 1994
Head of DEA in El Salvador discovered that the Contras were smuggling cocaine into the United States. Castillo's superiors reacted to his reports by burying them. This book is too controversial for an American publisher to print.

Cockburn, Leslie, OUT OF CONTROL, New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987
Early account of the of the Reagan Administration's secret war in Nicaragua, the illegal arms pipeline and the Contra drug connection.

Johnson, Haynes, SLEEPWALKING THROUGH HISTORY, New York, W.W. Norton & Company, 1991. Pg. 261-274, 292-293
History of the Reagan years traces the relationships of William Casey, Manuel Noriega and the Medellin cocaine cartel.

Gugliotta, Guy and Leen, Jeff, KINGS OF COCAINE, New York, Harper Paperbacks, 1989
Miami drug investigation runs into powerful smugglers.

Levine, Michael, THE BIG WHITE LIE, New York, Thunder's Mouth Press, 1993
DEA undercover investigator learns that the biggest deterrent to stopping the drug epidemic is the Central Intelligence Agency.

Levine, Michael, DEEP COVER, New York, Dell Publishing, 1990
DEA undercover operative penetrates the leadership of the Bolivian cocaine cartel, Panamanian money-launderers and Mexican military middle-men. But it is all for nought, as interference from the CIA and Attorney General Meese, along with DEA infighting, sabotage the investigation.

McCoy, Alfred, THE POLITICS OF HEROIN, Brooklyn, NY, Lawrence Hill Books, 1991
Excellent history about CIA complicity in the global drug trade, from the French Connection, to Southeast Asia and onward into the Afghanistan and Latin America. A must read.

Morris, Roger, PARTNERS IN POWER, New York, Henry Holt and Company, 1996
Traces rise of Bill and Hillary Clinton. Sections on Bill's recruitment by the CIA and his involvement in Mena.

Parry, Robert, FOOLING AMERICA, New York, William Morrow and Company, 1992
Several sections discuss Contra cocaine smuggling in this book which describes how Washington insiders twist the truth and manufacture the Conventional Wisdom.

Persico, Joseph E., CASEY, New York, Viking Penguin, 1990, pg..478-481
Biography on former CIA director William Casey briefly explores the relationships between the CIA and drug traffickers, as well as the protection of narco-CIA assets.

Reed, Terry and Cummings, John, COMPROMISED, New York, S.P.I. Books, 1994
The definitive book on Mena, Reed's first-person account of his CIA service on behalf of the Contras opens eyes as to the relationships between the CIA, drug trafficking and recent occupants of the White House. A second edition is in bookstores, however not from bankrupt S.P.I. Books.

Tyrrell, R. Emmett Jr., BOY CLINTON, Washington, DC, Regnery Press, 1996
Traces rise of Bill Clinton.


Adams, Lorraine, "North Didn't Relay Drug Tips; DEA Says It Finds No Evidence Reagan Aide Talked to Agency," WASHINGTON POST, October 22, 1994, pg A1
Oliver North knew his Contra network was smuggling cocaine, but he did not inform the DEA as required by law.

Anderson, Jack and Van Atta, Dale, "Drug Runner's Legacy," February 28, 1989
Federal authorities stonewall investigations into Barry Seal's drug-trafficking.

Anderson, Jack and Van Atta, Dale, "Small Town for Smuggling," March 1, 1989
Suspects say they worked for the CIA to turn back investigations into the cocaine of Mena.

Arbanas, Michael, "Hutchinson knew in 83 of Seal probe, ex-IRS agent says," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, September 19, 1990
IRS agent William Duncan claimed Asa Hutchinson knew about allegations of drug trafficking at Mena when he was U.S. Attorney.

Arbanas, Michael, "Truth on Mena, Seal shrouded in shady allegations; Drug smuggling rumors just won't die," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, December 22, 1990
Long overview of Mena evidence.

Arbanas, Michael, "FBI apparently investigating Mena, Seal," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, May 24, 1991

Bowers, Rodney, "Slain smuggler used airport," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, December 14, 1987
Evidence showing drug smuggler Barry Seal used Mena airport, and that federal Justice officials interfered in local law enforcement investigating the narcotics.

Bowers, Rodney, "House investigators opens Mena probe," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, December 17, 1987
Aide to Congressman William Hughes (D-NJ) visited Mena to gather evidence and testimony.

Brown, Chip, "Former DEA agent: North knew of cocaine shipments to U.S.," ASSOCIATED PRESS, June 17, 1994
DEA agent Celerino Castillo tells of his knowledge regarding drug smuggling through the Contra resupply network.

"Co-pilot held answers sought in investigation; But he died in plane crash in 1985," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 27, 1988, pg 6A

Cockburn, Alexander, "Chapters in the Recent History of Arkansas," THE NATION, February 24, 1992
Describes what was revealed in court papers filed by Terry Reed in his case against Clinton aide Buddy Young regarding CIA Contra cocaine smuggling out of Mena.

Crudele, John, "Drugs and the CIA -- A Scandal Unravels in Arkansas," NEW YORK POST, April 21, 1995
Report that special prosecutor Kenneth Starr is investigating the CIA guns-for-drugs operations at Mena.

Crudele, John, "Bombshell in Arkansas Investigations Brings Both Parties the Jitters," NEW YORK POST, August 14, 1995
Congressman Jim Leach's Banking Committee and the House Judiciciary Committee investigate allegations of cocaine trafficking at Mena that point responsibility at the Clinton, Bush and Reagan administrations.

"Demo Says IRS Blocked Probe Of Drugs, Arms," SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE (ASSOCIATED PRESS), July 28, 1989
Rep. Alexander (D-Ark.) Charges the IRS with blocking investigations into cocaine of Mena.

"Deposition summarizes rumors about Seal," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 26, 1988, pg. 18A
Former military investigator Gary Wheaton gave a sworn deposition claiming that Barry Seal engaged in gun-running and drug smuggling with the consent of the Drug Enforcement Administration and Central Intelligence Agency.

editorial, "Investigate Mena," WALL STREET JOURNAL, July 10, 1995, pg A12

Epstein, Edward Jay, "On the Mena Trail," WALL STREET JOURNAL, April 20, 1994
The Journal warns that beneath Clinton's crimes, lie the crimes of Reagan and Bush.

Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, "Cocaine and Toga Parties," SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, July 17, 1994
Describes evidence that Bill Clinton enjoyed drugs and young women.

Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, "International Smugglers linked to Contra arms deals," SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, October 9, 1994
Links Contra cocaine smuggling with Bill Clinton associate, Dan Lasater.

Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, "Airport scandal set to crash into White House," DAILY TELEGRAPH, March 27, 1995
Recounts evidence provided by Terry Reed and William Duncan regarding cocaine trafficking through Arkansas.

Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, "Clinton Involved in CIA Arms and Drugs Racket," SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, July 9, 1995
Reveals that AMERICAN SPECTATOR was about to publish an interview with former Clinton bodyguard, L.D. Brown. Conservative editor R. Emmett Tyrrell remarked how shocked he was to uncover CIA skullduggery involving the secret was against the Sandinistas.

Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, "Embattled Clinton falls back on Nixon's Watergate defence," ELECTRONIC TELEGRAPH, December 18, 1995

Haddigan, Michael, "'Fat Man' key to mystery," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 26, 1988, pg. A1
Overview of the investigations and obstructions to uncovering the truth behind the cocaine of Mena.

Haddigan, Michael, "The Kingpin and his many connections," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 27, 1988, pg. 1A
Explores the career of Barry Seal.

Haddigan, Michael, "Mena tires of rumors," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 28, 1988, pg. 1A
Remote Mena airport does special refittings for planes from around the world.

Hanchette, John, "House Banking Committee Probing Tangled Tale of Mena, Ark.," GANNETT NEWS SERVICE, January 25, 1996
House Banking Chairman Jim Leach is investigating Mena.

Harmon, Dave, "Ex-agent: Drug sales aided contras; Retired DEA man says smuggling, North venture linked," CHICAGO TRIBUNE, January 26, 1993
Celerino Castillo describes the frustration in prosecuting cocaine smugglers involved with the Contra resupply network.

Henson, Maria, "Testimony reveals leak in drug probe: Cost Seal his life, witness says," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, July 29, 1988
House Judiciary subcommittee on crime hears DEA officials tell how a White House leak revealing Barry Seal's undercover work ruined a major drug investigation.

Henson, Maria, "Alexander threatens budget ax to get agency's cooperation; He pledges to continue investigation into drug trafficking," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, October 5, 1988
Rep. Bill Alexander (D-Ark.) tries to force the Reagan administration to allow a General Accounting Office investigation into drug-trafficking around Mena.

"IRS says smuggler owes $29 million, seizes his property," BATON ROUGE STATE TIMES, February 5, 1986, pg. 1-A
Some of Barry Seal's assets are listed.

"Judge set to rule in dispute over Seal's tax assessment," BATON ROUGE STATE TIMES, March 28, 1986

Kwitny, Jonathan, "Dope Story: Doubts Rise on Report Reagan Cited in Tying Sandinistas to Cocaine," WALL STREET JOURNAL, April 22, 1987
Account of Barry Seal's activities in Mena and his attempt as a DEA informant to connect the Sandinistas with cocaine trafficking.

Lemons, Terry and Fullerton, Jane, "Perot Called Clinton About Mena Inquiry," ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT-GAZETTE, April 19, 1992
In 1988, Ross Perot called Gov. Bill Clinton to discuss the allegations of cocaine trafficking on behalf of the Contras in Mena.

Lemons, Terry and Fullerton, Jane, "Perot Vows Mena Airport Won't Be Issue If He Runs," ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT-GAZETTE, April 26, 1992.
Perot confirms that he discussed Mena with Gov. Bill Clinton in 1988.

Morris, Scott, "Clinton: State did all it could in Mena case," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, September 11, 1991
Gov. Bill Clinton claims the Arkansas State Police conducted a "very vigorous" investigation into allegations of drugs and money-laundering around Mena.

Morrison, Micah, "Mena Coverup? Razorback Columbo to Retire," WALL STREET JOURNAL May 10, 1995, pg. A18
Recounts the efforts of Arkansas State Policeman Russell Welch to investigate Mena, and the career troubles which ensued.

Morrison, Micah, "Mysterious Mena," WALL STREET JOURNAL, June 29, 1994
Recounts the stories about allegations of U.S. government-protected drug-running in Arkansas.

Morrison, Micah, "The Mena Coverup" WALL STREET JOURNAL, October 18, 1994
IRS investigator William Duncan developed documentation proving the money-laundering of cocaine profits through Arkansas.

Nabbefeld, Joe, "Evidence on Mena-CIA ties to go to Walsh; Airport's inclusion in Contra probe urged," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, September 10, 1991
Iran-contra Independent Counsel Lawrence Walsh is given evidence on drug money-laundering involving CIA-Contra activities at Mena.

Norman, Jane, "Arkansas Airstrip Under Investigation," DES MOINES REGISTER, January 26, 1996, pg. 3
House Banking Chairman Jim Leach is investigating Mena.

"Panel investigating slain informant's activities," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, April 11, 1988
House investigators continue probing allegations of Contra cocaine smuggling.

Rafinski, Karen, "North gets boosters, protesters; Controversial Iran-Contra figure campaigns for Hayes," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, September 23, 1990
Oliver North visits Arkansas to support Republican Terry Hayes running against Rep. Bill Alexander (D-Ark.).

Scarborough, Rowan, "House Panel Takes a Long Look at Mena," WASHINGTON TIMES, January 18, 1996
House Banking Committee is investigating the cocaine trafficking at Mena.

Semien, John, "Agent says Seal trafficked drugs while an informant," BATON ROUGE MORNING ADVOCATE, March 28, 1986
Louisiana state police describe their evidence that Barry Seal was a drug trafficker.

Semien, John, "Plane downed in Nicaragua once owned by Adler Barry Seal," BATON ROUGE MORNING ADVOCATE, March 10, 1986
The plane shot down over Nicaragua, revealing the Iran-contra affair, was owned by drug smuggler Barry Seal.

Semien, John, "Congress investigating Barry Seal's activities," BATON ROUGE SUNDAY ADVOCATE, April 10, 1988
Investigators for the House Subcommittee on Crime visited Louisiana to develop evidence regarding cocaine smuggling and the Contra resupply network.

Stewart, Julie, "Contras, Drug Smuggling Questions Remain About Arkansas Airport, ASSOCIATED PRESS, September 24, 1991

Stinson, Jeffrey, "Alexander vows to find answers to Seal story," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, December 22, 1990
Rep. Bill Alexander (D-Ark.) Renews his efforts for a federal investigation of Mena.

Stinson, Jeffrey, "House panel hears tales of illegal activities at Mena airport," ARKANSAS GAZETTE, July 25, 1991
IRS investigator William Duncan describes the evidence he collected on drug trafficking at Mena and how the Justice Department asked him to perjure himself before a grand jury.

Tyrrell, R. Emmett Jr., "Furtive Drug Flights," August 25, 1995
Former Clinton bodyguard L.D. Brown reveals that apparently both Bill Clinton and George Bush knew about the Contra cocaine flights into Mena.

Walker, Martin, "Conspiracy theorists let imagination run riot over Whitewater scandal; Murder, arson, burglary, drug trafficking . . . they're all part of he plot, if the Clintons' accusers in the press are to be believed," THE GUARDIAN, March 24, 1994
Recounts the darkest allegations against Bill Clinton.

Weiner, Tim, "Suit by Drug Agent Says U.S. Subverted His Burmese Efforts," NEW YORK TIMES, October 27, 1994
Top DEA official in Burma describes how the State Department and CIA jeopardized his heroin investigations and put his life in danger.


Chua-Eoan, Howard G. and Shannon, Elaine, "Confidence Games," TIME, November 29, 1993, pg.35
CIA facilities in Venezuela are used to store 1,000 kilos of cocaine that is shipped to Miami.

Corn, David, "The C.I.A. and the Cocaine Coup," THE NATION, October 7, 1991, pg.404
Tells of CIA assistance in 1980 Bolivian coup that put cocaine cartel leaders into power.

COVERT ACTION INFORMATION BULLETIN, "The CIA and Drugs" edition, Number 28 (Summer 1987)
Eight articles on the history of CIA drug trafficking and money laundering. Ordering information at

Denton, Sally and Morris, Roger, "The Crimes of Mena," PENTHOUSE, July, 1995
This was the story that the WASHINGTON POST spiked. Based on 2,000 documents from the late Barry Seal, Denton and Morris describe the evidence that no one in American political leadership will touch. The story is filthier than any of the pictures.

Dettmer, Jamie and Rodriguez, Paul M., "Starr Investigation Targets Law-Enforcement Complicity," INSIGHT, May 29, 1995
Report that Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr was investigating the shredding by Arkansas law enforcement of documents related to Iran-contra drug smuggling.

"Ghosts of carelessness past," ECONOMIST, May 7, 1994, pg. 30
Summary of allegations regarding cocaine smuggling at Mena.

Robinson, Deborah, "Unsolved mysteries in Clinton country," IN THESE TIMES, February 12-18, 1992
As Bill Clinton moved to gain the Democratic nomination for President, allegations surfaced that he ignored local law enforcement officials' pleas for assistance to investigate Mena.

Robinson, Linda and Duffy, Brian, "At play in the field of the spies; A primer: How not to fight the war on drugs," U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT, November 29, 1993
CIA operatives in Venezuela were involved in or had known about drug shipments in the United States, but did nothing to stop them.

Tyrrell, R. Emmett Jr., "The Arkansas Drug Shuttle," THE AMERICAN SPECTATOR, August, 1995, pg.16
Story of former Clinton bodyguard, L.D. Brown, and his experiences in the Contra resupply operation

Wheeler, Scott L., "Dateline Mena: New Evidence, Rumored Congressional Inquiry Redirect Attention Toward Lingering Scandal," MEDIA BYPASS, January, 1996, pg. 60
More allegations rise to surface regarding cocaine trafficking at Mena, including evidence that the drug smuggling continues unabated.

"Whitewater Ad Nauseam?" BUSINESSWEEK, February 26, 1996, pg.45
House Banking Chairman James Leach is investigating Mena.

The CIA Serendipity Home Page